Every working person and taxpayer in the United States must have a Social Security Number / SSN. In the United States, a Social Security number (SSN) is a nine-digit number issued to U.S. citizens, permanent residents, and temporary (working) residents under section 205(c)(2) of the Social Security Act, codified as 42 U.S.C. § 405(c)(2).
The number is issued to an individual by the Social Security Administration, an independent agency of the United States government. Although its primary purpose is to track individuals for Social Security purposes, the Social Security number has become a de facto national identification number for taxation and other purposes.
A Social Security number may be obtained by applying on Form SS-5, application for A Social Security Number Card.
The nine-digit Social Security Number is divided into three parts. The first three numbers generally indicate the state of residence at the time a person applies for his or her first card.
The middle two digits of a Social Security Number have no special significance, but merely serve to break the numbers into blocks of convenient size. The last four characters represent a straight numerical progression of assigned numbers. The Social Security Number / SSN is used by government agencies, schools, and businesses to identify people in their computer systems.
It is a very important piece of identification in the United States, and the Social Security Number and Social Security Card should stay with you for the rest of your life. A Social Security Card contains a unique number, a Social Security Number (SSN), issued to you by the Social Security Administration (SSA) after you complete an application.
How To Apply For Social Security Number
To get the Card SSN application, then read the procedure below very well.
- If you need a Social Security Number / SSN, want to replace your lost or stolen Social Security Card, or want a card showing your new name, you may apply by filing Form SS-5 (Application for a Social Security Card) with your nearest Social Security office. This service is free.
- Forms are available online, or at your nearest Social Security office, or by calling Social Security’s national toll free number: 1-800-772-1213.
Types Of Social Security Cards Issued
- The first type of Social Security Card is the card most people have, and has been issued since 1935. It shows the person’s name and Social Security Number / SSN, and it lets the person work without restriction. The Social Security Administration issues it to U.S. citizens and permanent resident aliens.
- The second type of Social Security Card bears the legend “NOT VALID FOR EMPLOYMENT.” The Social Security Administration issues it to people from other countries who are lawfully admitted to the United States without U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) work authorization, but who need a Social Security Number / SSN because of a federal, state or local law requiring a Social Security Number to get a benefit or service.
- The Social Security Administration began issuing the third type of Social Security Card in 1992. It bears the legend “VALID FOR WORK ONLY WITH DHS AUTHORIZATION.” It is issued to people who are admitted to the United States on a temporary basis with authorization to work from USCIS (an agency within the Department of Homeland Security).
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